The requirements for pilot cars differ from state to state. So, each state has different requirements for pilot cars. For instance, in California, a load will need to have 1 pilot car or escort vehicle at all times if it is more than 12 feet wide. The pilot car must have:
This is to warn the motoring public that oversized load in transit.
In certain states and on some routes the pilot car must be in front of the load or tractor trailer. However, in other states, the escort vehicle has to be behind the load or tractor trailer. This depends on which state you are hauling through as well as on what route you are traveling. Some loads that are wider than 14 ft. will need 2 pilot cars. One in front of the tractor-trailer and the other in the back of the tractor-trailer.
Some states will require a special pilot car, called a “Height Pole Car”, in front of the tractor-trailer when the load is Overheight. This type of vehicle has a special telescopic pole attached to the front bumper. It is adjustable to whatever height is needed for that specific load to clear bridges, traffic signals, power lines or other overhead barriers. In many states, these cars are required if the loaded height exseeds17 ft. But, there are some states that require a height pole car at lower heights. For example, in New York, if the loaded height of the trailer is more than 14 ft 6 in height pole cars are required.
The majority of the states do not require the pilot car to be certified. However, they still need to have a specific operational equipment. This equipment may include:
In Pennsylvania, for example, the pilot car will need to have specific insurance coverage requirements.
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