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New York Oversize/Overweight Permits

New YorkPERMITS: New York oversize permits are valid for five travel days. New York City permit is good for one several hour periods, either day or night depending on dimensions and routes. New York Thruway usually one to three days.

 

OPERATING TIME: One-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset, Monday through Friday, and may travel on Saturday until Noon, if not over 12′ wide or 72′ long (85′ on approved routes), legal height, and able to “maintain traffic flow speed.” This includes I-84 and other NY Thruways. Overweight-only up to 96,000 pounds may travel 24/7.  Movement not allowed on major holidays, and Friday afternoons before some holiday weekends.  New York City: Night travel may be allowed, or it may be required in New York City or on Long Island, depending on dimensions.

 

New York City: A Separate permit is needed. Travel restrictions are numerous, and permits/escorts are expensive. Permits for the city are issued for one period either at night or during the day, not both. Over 10′ wide, except on Interstate and truck routes, has to be a night move (10:00 p.m. to 5:30 a.m., Monday through Thursday, and 12:01 a.m. to 5:30 a.m. Friday night-Saturday morning (after midnight) and Sunday night-Monday morning. On Interstate and George Washington Bridge only, over 10′ and less than 12′ wide may travel Monday through Friday 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. Over 80,000 pounds gross weight has to be a night move, route survey required to get a permit. (Note: NYC DOT sometimes requires night travel for smaller loads). Special permission may also be needed on bridges going into NYC.

 

NY Thruway: The Separate permit is needed for the Thruway. Thruway includes I-87 (NYC to Albany), I-95 (NYC to Connecticut), I-287 (connecting I-87 with I-95), I-90, and I-190 (connecting Buffalo with Niagara Falls). Loads over 13’6″ height are not allowed. Overweight permits are very expensive on the NY Thruway, so we normally avoid it.

 

 

LEGAL DIMENSIONS

Width:8’6″ (8′ in NYC and roads with less than 10′ wide travel lanes)
Length:
  • 53′ semi-trailer on Designate Highway system and NY Access Highways
  • 48′ trailer and 65′ overall length on non-qualifying highways, in NYC and on NY Thruway
  • Trailer exceeding 48′ must have kingpin setting of 43′ or less from kingpin to center of rear axle

NYC:

  • 53′ semi-trailers and units longer than 65′ overall only legal on I-95, I-295, and I-495, traveling from the George Washington Bridge to Long Island
  • Otherwise, 55′ is the legal length in NYC
Weight:80,000 lbs – Gross weight

  • Single – 22,400 lbs
  • Tandem – 36,000 lbs
  • Tridem – 54,000 lbs

(Axles lesss than 46″ apart are considered as one axle).

Height:13’6″

 

Over-length Permit Exemptions: Permits are not required for loads of poles, girders, beams, columns or similar objects if the only legal length is exceeded. This may not apply in NYC area.

 

 

PERMIT LIMITS

Width:No set amount: state determines on an individual basis. NY Thruway – 16′ wide maximum.
Weight:Gross Weights

  • 5 axles – 120,000 lbs
  • 6 axles – 130,000 lbs
  • 7 axles – 140,000 lbs
Length:No set amount: state determines on individual basis.
Height:14′ and over (over 13’6 on Thruway) requires a route survey.
Overhang:
  • Maximum rear overhang shall not exceed 1/3 the length of load, 2/3 of which must rest on the trailer bed
  • The front overhang may not exceed 15′
Superloads:Any vehicle or combination which is:

  • over 16′ wide
  • 16′ or greater in height
  • Over 160′ in length
  • 200,000 pounds or more in gross weight is treated as a Superload. At least 2 weeks are required for approval.
Axle Weights:
  • Single – Depends on route and tire size
  • Tandem – 50,000 lbs
  • Tridem – 60,000 lbs
  • Quad – depends on route/tire size

You must be registered for at least the amount of weight you are permitting for New York.

 

 

ESCORTS/ PILOTS

Height:
  • 14′ and over – 1 escort with a pole, and a route survey is needed to apply for a permit
  • Over 15′ may need to provide a bucket truck
  • Over 16′ – police escort
  • On Long Island, escort required for over 13’6 high
Length:
  • 80′ to 99’11” – 1 escort
  • 100′ and over – 2 escorts, 3 on two-lane highways
  • 160′ and over – 3 escorts

New York City:

  • Over 65′ long – 1 escort
  • Going to Long Island requires 2 escorts
Overhang: Over 10′ front or rear overhang – 1 escort.
Width:
  • Over 12′ – 1 escort
  • 16′ and over – at least 2 escorts (3 may be required)
  • Over 16′ – police escort
  • Over 15′ on NY Thruway also requires Thruway Traffic Safety Supervision Escort

New York City:

  • Over 11′ – 1 escort
  • Over 14′ – 2 escorts
Weight:Over 200,000 pounds – police escort. Speed, etc.: Police escort also required whenever a vehicle must centerline a bridge or highway. Escort also required if permit vehicle cannot maintain normal highway speeds (within 20 mph of posted speed).

 

Route Surveys:

New York State:                                                                

  • Length – 100′ and over requires a route survey to order a permit
  • Width – 16′ and over requires a route survey to order a permit
  • Height – 14′ and over need a route survey to order a permit

New York City:

  • Length – over 80′
  • Width – over 12′
  • Height – over 14′

SIGNS & FLAGS

“Oversize Load” signs are required to the front and rear on all oversized loads, including high loads. Red or orange fluorescent flags (18″ square), mounted on staffs, are required at all corners at the extremities of load or trailer for any over width or over length load. (For night moves, use amber warning lights to front or side in place of flags, and red warning lights to rear). Overhang of 4′ or more requires flags on staff at end of load or lights at night (two flags required at extremities of overhang if a width of the overhang is more than 2′).  All headlights and external lights must be turned on for wide, high, or over length loads. For wide or high loads (over 8’6″ wide or 13’6″ high), power unit must have a minimum of one amber light (6″ minimum to 9″ maximum in size) located on top of the vehicle and visible in a 360-degree radius. In New York City, loads over 10′ wide must have two flashing yellow lights at each end of the load; loads over 14′ wide require two steady yellow lights attached to the rear of the load.

 

RESTRICTED TRAVEL

At 14′ wide, 14′ high, 90′ long, no travel through business districts between 7:00 a.m. – 9:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. At 16′ wide, 15′ high, 100′ long or greater, no state travel between 7:00 a.m. – 9:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. No travel on major holidays. Travel shut down is usually 12:00 Noon the day before a holiday or holiday weekend. NYC is more restrictive. Other time restrictions may be listed on permits for local areas.