FAQs for OverweightPermits.com

FAQs 1. What is an oversize/overweight permit (s)? An Oversize/Overweight Permit is a document acquired from a state, county, city or province to approve travel in the certain jurisdiction for oversize truck movement. In the majority of cases, it will list the name of the hauler, the description of the load as well as its dimensions, and a route they are going to travel.   2. When do I need an oversize/overweight permit (s)? You have to obtain an oversize/overweight permit(s) when traveling on roadways surpassing a particular jurisdiction’s legal dimensions.
  1. Exceeding a gross weight of 80,000 lbs. or legal axle weight
  2. Exceeding 8’6” in width (8’0 in Maryland)
  3. Exceeding 13’6” in height (Some states legal at 14’0, others 14’6”)
  4. A trailer/load length exceeding 53’0” (Varies state to state)

 3. What is a Heavy Haul permit (s)?

Heavy Haul trucking requires individual truckers or trucking companies to use special permits called “Heavy Haul Permits” provided by the state, city, county or other municipality you schedule to travel.  

 4. What is a Trip Permit(s)?

A Trip Permit is needed when traveling to a state in which a vehicle is not registered under IRP. A Trip Permit allows commercial or private carrier’s temporary registration in a state municipality where the carrier is not assigned (province or state listed with weight on cab card).  

 5. What is a Fuel Permit(s)?

A Fuel Permit is a type of trucking permit which grants temporary travel authority for a private or commercial carrier in a province or state where the carrier is not considered to be an active member of the International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) program or doesn’t have an IFTA sticker.  

6. What is a Mileage Permit(s)?

There are some states that require truckers to have Mileage Permits in addition to their Trip and Fuel permits. These states are:  

7. What is a Superload Permit(s)?

When you are transporting a super load, you need experts on your side for this compound planning. OverweightPermits.com’s highly skilled team of permit agents will survey your route state by state, highway by highway to guarantee that every underpass and bridge crossing can admit the size and weight of your superload.  

8. What is an Escort vehicle or a Pilot Car?

Escort car vehicles go with heavy haul transportation. They are also known as Pilot cars. Escort/pilot vehicles are Public Safety Vehicles. They are threatening devices to warn the public of a possible danger as well.  

9. What are the states’ requirements for Escort vehicles or Pilot Cars?

The requirements for escort vehicles vary from state to state. Therefore, each state has different requirements for Escort Vehicles. However, there are some general requirements that almost all Escort vehicles have to follow. They are the followings:
  • The front escort must have amber safety lights that others can see from 360° and from at least 500 feet.
  • A sign displaying “OVERSIZE LOAD” must be on the front and the rear of the escort vehicle.  The other version is one sign that displays “Oversize Load” on both sides may be mounted on top of the vehicle,
  • The “OVERSIZE LOAD” sign must be at least 5 feet wide and 12 inches high, with eight-inch letters with a 2-inch brush stroke.

10. What are the Requirements Front Escorts?

The front escort is to ensure that approaching vehicles are cautioned of the approaching oversized load. It can be difficult to get the traffic to stop for something such as a narrow bridge because it is illegal for the Front Pilot/Escort to cross the line into the oncoming lane. So the front escort generally goes far enough in advance to caution the trucker through C.B. Radio about the approaching traffic. It is for the driver to be able to stop before the bridge until the front driver relays back to the driver that it is safe to cross without the fear of Oncoming Traffic.  

11. What are the requirements for Rear Escorts?

The Rear Escort may perform obligations such as staying in one or more lanes other than the lanes that the truck and load are occupying. It is for blocking traffic off while the truck and trailer make their turn. In addition, the rear Escort may also make sudden lane changes. This is generally because the truck needs to change lanes because of an obstruction in the road ahead lane ending or one or more vehicles parked on the shoulder of the road, such as police or tow truck.  

12. Where should the sign be mounted when an escort car is required?

An escort car normally carries a noticeable “OVERSIZED LOAD” signs that caution other roadway occupants that a heavy load is following. Usually, escorts are equipped with flags, flashing lights that catch the eye of others on the road, and a CB radio for connecting with the trucker driving the oversized load. These pilot cars also carry maps and emergency equipment, such as fire extinguishers and first aid kits, in case unforeseen circumstances occur to arise.  

13. What Is a Height Pole Car?

Some states will require a special pilot car, called a “Height Pole Car”, in front of the tractor-trailer when the load is Overheight. This type of vehicle has a special telescopic pole attached to the front bumper. It is adjustable to whatever height is needed for that specific load to clear bridges, traffic signals, power lines or other overhead barriers. In many states, these cars are required if the loaded height exseeds17 ft. But, there are some states that require a height pole car at lower heights. For example, in New York, if the loaded height of the trailer is more than 14 ft. 6 in height pole cars are required.  

14. What are the Trailer Types for Heavy Haul?

Here are the Trailer Types for Heavy Haul:  

15. What is an Oversize Load?

In road transport, an oversize load (or overweight load) is a load that surpasses the standard or ordinary legal size and/or weight limits for a particular portion of road, highway or other transport infrastructure, such as air freight or water freight. In Europe, it may be referred to as special transport or heavy and oversized transportation. There may be load per axle limits. However, a load that surpasses the per-axle limits, but not the overall weight limits, is considered overweight. Examples of oversize/overweight loads include construction machines (cranes, front loaders, backhoes, etc.), pre-built homes, containers, construction elements (bridge beams, generators, windmill propellers, rocket stages, industrial equipment).  

16. What is a Superload?

A superload is over-dimensional such as oversized hauls. Though, a superload will exceed an oversized load in either width, height, length or weight. A superload can’t be divided or broken down to reduce its size. A superload is generally pieces of extremely heavy and large equipment. Superloads, transporting equipment are cranes, vessels, structures, etc.  

17. What is the difference between Divisible and Non-divisible Loads?

Divisible Loads:
Designated divisible load permits may be issued by the State based upon historic State “grandfather” rights or Congressional authorization for a State-specific commodity or route movement at a greater size or weight. State grandfathered rights regarding longer combination vehicles can be found in Appendix C to 23 CFR Part 658-Trucks Over 80,000 Pounds on the Interstate System and Trucks Over STAA Lengths on the National Network.  
Non-divisible Loads:
Permits may be issued by the States without regard to the axle, gross, or Federal bridge formula requirements for nondivisible vehicles or loads. Nondivisible is defined as any load or vehicle exceeding applicable length or weight limits which, if separated into smaller loads or vehicles, would:
  • Compromise the intended use of the vehicle, i.e., make it unable to perform the function for which it was intended;
  • Destroy the value of the load or vehicle, i.e., make it unusable for its intended purpose; or
  • Require more than 8 work hours to dismantle using appropriate equipment. The applicant for a nondivisible load permit has the burden of proof as to the number of work hours required to dismantle the load.